04/02/2014

Genebro

Untitled
Genebro A division of 'Go-Go' Recording Co. I can only find one release and it looks like the bulk of those were skipped. In 2008 a copy sold for $7400. Popcorn Wylie, Tony Hester & Mike Terry are behind the song, 'Love Finds A Way' the popular side. Repressed on Detroit Stars (looks like a boot?)
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
230 G Margaret Little Love Finds A Way ZTSC 121125 1966
230 B Margaret Little I Need Some Loving

ZTSC 121126 1966











Research: Mickey Nold

 

19/01/2013

Detroit's Soul Musical Roots

The Detroit area's diverse population includes French, Belgian, German, Irish, Hispanic, Polish, Greek,


Black Bottom
Italian, Middle Eastern, and Black populations, with each adding its rich cultural traditions. Following the Roaring Twenties, the Great Depression impacted the nation. Detroit's former "Black Bottom" area, a district on the city's east side, became nationally famous for its music; major blues singers, big bands, and jazz artists—such as Duke Ellington, Billy Eckstine, Pearl Bailey, Ella Fitzgerald, and Count Basie—regularly performed in the night clubs of Paradise Valley entertainment district. In the 1960s, "Black Bottom" was demolished and replaced with the upscale Lafayette Park.

The east necklace of downtown links Grand Circus and the stadium area to Greektown along Broadway. The east necklace contains a sub-district sometimes called the Harmonie Park District in the Broadway Avenue Historic District which has preserved part of the renowned legacy of Detroit's music from the 1930s through the 1950s and into the present. The historic Harmonie Club and Harmonie Centre are located along Broadway. The Harmonie Park area ends near Gratiot and Randolph. The Detroit Opera House is located at Broadway and Grand Circus. Near the Opera House, and emanating from Grand Circus along the east necklace, are other venues including the Music Hall Center for the Performing Arts and the Gem Theatre and Century Club.
Hastings St - Jazz & Blues centre

The Detroit blues scene in the 1940s and 1950s was centered on clubs and bars along Hastings Street and featured artists on the local JVB and Sensation labels such as Eddie "Guitar" Burns, John Lee Hooker, Bobo Jenkins, Boogie Woogie Red, Doctor Ross, Baby Boy Warren and Washboard Willie.

Detroit has produced some of the most famous gospel singers in past decades. In the 1940s, Oliver Green formed The Detroiters, who became one of the most popular Gospel groups of the their era. In the 1950s, a young Della Reese began her long and distinguished career, joining the ranks of the gospel elite in Detroit, while Mattie Moss Clark is believed to be the first to introduce three part harmony into gospel choral music.

In the 1960s, the Reverend CL Franklin found success with his recorded sermons on Chess Record's gospel label and with an album of spirituals recorded at his New Bethel Baptist Church included the debut of his young daughter, grammy award winner Aretha Franklin.

In the 1980s, the Winans dynasty produced Grammy winners Cece and BeBe Winans. Other notable gospel acts include Bill Moss & The Celestials—The Brother of Mattie Moss Clark, Father of J Moss and Bill Moss, Jr. & Uncle of The Clark Sisters, J Moss, Bill Moss, Jr., The Clark Sisters, Rance Allen Group, Vanessa Bell Armstrong, Thomas Whitfield, Byron Cage and Fred Hammond.

As the Jazz Age began, Detroit quickly emerged as an important musical center, standing alongside New Orleans, Chicago, and St. Louis. Among the musicians who relocated to Detroit were drummer William McKinney, who formed the seminal big band McKinney's Cotton Pickers, with jazz great Don Redman.
Byrd

Through the 1950s Detroit was one of America's most important jazz centers. Musicians from Detroit who achieved international recognition include Elvin Jones, Hank Jones, Thad Jones, Howard McGhee, Tommy Flanagan, Lucky Thompson, Louis Hayes, Barry Harris, Paul Chambers, Yusef Lateef, Marcus Belgrave, Milt Jackson, Kenny Burrell, Ron Carter, Curtis Fuller, Julius Watkins, Hugh Lawson, Frank Foster, Doug Watkins, Sir Roland Hanna, Donald Byrd, Kenn Cox, George "sax" Benson, Sonny Stitt, Alice Coltrane, Dorothy Ashby, Roy Brooks, Phil Ranelin, Faruq Z. Bey, Jaribu Shahid, Hakim Jami, Pepper Adams, Tani Tabal, Charles McPherson, Frank Gant, Billy Mitchell, Kirk Lightsey, Lonnie Hillyer, James Carter, Geri Allen, Ralph Armstrong, Ali Jackson Jr., Rick Margitza, Kenny Garrett, Betty Carter, Sippie Wallace, Robert Hurst, Geri Allen, Rodney Whitaker, Clarence Penn, Karriem Riggins, and Carlos McKinney.

Other significant players who spent part of their career in Detroit include Benny Carter, Joe Henderson, Wardell Gray, Grant Green and Don Moye. As this list reflects, the Detroit musicians were major contributors to the Hard-bop and Post-bop styles, especially in the rhythm sections that drove the classic groups of Miles Davis and John Coltrane, and contributions to the bands of Charles Mingus, Horace Silver and The Jazz Messengers.

One of the highlights of Detroit's musical history was the success of Motown Records during the 1960s and early 1970s. In the late 1950s the label originally known as Tamla Records was founded by auto plant worker Berry Gordy and became home to some of the most popular recording acts in the world. These included Marvin Gaye, The Temptations, Stevie Wonder, Diana Ross & The Supremes, Smokey Robinson & The Miracles, The Four Tops, Martha Reeves & the Vandellas, Edwin Starr, Little Willie John, The Contours and The Spinners.

However, before Motown became a major force, Detroit was already well on its way to being a R&B and soul hotbed. In 1955, the influential soul singer Little Willie John made his debut; while in 1956, the Detroit based R&B label Fortune Records enjoyed success with Nolan Strong & The Diablos. The Diablos, in the mid-to-late '50s were the hottest vocal group in Detroit, thanks to the group's hit songs "The Wind," "Mind Over Matter" and "The Way You Dog Me Around." Smokey Robinson noted in his biography that Strong's high tenor was his biggest vocal influence. Strong is remembered on the 2010 album Daddy Rockin Strong: A Tribute to Nolan Strong & The Diablos - a tribute compilation that features current rock and roll bands covering Diablos songs. The album was compiled and released by The Wind Records and Norton Records.

Also In 1956, notable blues and R&B singer Zeffrey "Andre" Williams recorded a string of singles for Fortune, including the song "Bacon Fat." Knowing that he couldn't compete with the voice of label-mate Nolan Strong, Andre chose to talk-sing the song. In 1961, Nathaniel Mayer & Fabulous Twilights hit the charts with "Village of Love," which became one of Fortune's top selling singles. Mayer recorded a string of popular 45s for Fortune, even once performing on Dick Clark's American Bandstand.

In 1959, The Falcons, (featuring Wilson Pickett and Eddie Floyd), released "You're So Fine", considered the first true Soul record. Also that year, Jackie Wilson had his first hit with "Reet Petite", which was co-written by a young Berry Gordy Jr.. The Volumes had hit single in 1962 for Chex Records with the single "I Love You". That Same year singer/songwriter Barbara Lewis had a hit with the single "Hello Stranger.", while Gino Washington had cross-racial appeal and achieved Midwest hits in 1963 and 1964 with "Out of This World" and "Gino Is a Coward".

Several other Detroit artists became nationally known without the help of Motown. One such artists was Aretha Franklin. Other non-Motown acts included The Capitols with their 1966 hit "Cool Jerk" and Darrel Banks with "Baby Walk Right in." The following year, J.J Barnes had his biggest hit with "Baby Please Come Back Home." In 1967, longtime back room barbershop doo wop group The Parliaments, featuring George Clinton, scored a hit with "I Wanna Testify" for Revilot Records, and marked the beginning of funk in mainstream R&B. Due to legal issues with Revilot Records, Clinton changed the name of The Parliaments in 1968 to Funkadelic and scored a hit with the song ""A New Day Begins." Then in 1970; after Clinton reclaimed the rights to their original name, he change the groups name once again to simply Parliament and had a minor hit with "The Breakdown.". However, with the constant name and lineup changes the group became known as simply P-Funk which is short for Parliament-Funkadelic.

In 1967, Berry Gordy purchased what is now known as Motown Mansion in Detroit's Boston-Edison Historic District. Motown Records located on the West coast 1972, yet Detroit remained an R&B epicenter with several acts hat had hit songs such as Freda Payne, The Floaters, Enchantment, Ray Parker Jr.; both solo and with his group Raydio, One Way, Oliver Cheatham, Cherrelle, The Jones Girls, Anita Baker, BeBe & CeCe Winans and a band noted for launching the Minneapolis sound made popular by Prince, Ready For The World. It should be noted that Ready For The World was from neighboring auto city Flint, Michigan.

In 1969 The Flaming Ember had several hits for Hot Wax Records, a Detroit-based record label created by the Holland/Dozier/Holland song writing team in 1968 after they left Motown Records. The following year Chairmen of the Board had the first hit for Hot Wax with "Give Me Just a Little More Time."

During the disco craze of the late 1970s, Detroit artists had their fair share of dance hits. In 1975, Stevie Wonder's drummer Hamilton Bohannon had a hit with Foot Stompin' Music, while Donald Byrd & The Blackbyrds infused jazz with dance friendly elements that produced the song "Change (Makes You Wanna Hustle)". In 1977 Brainstorm & C. J. & Company each had soul driven dance hits.

In 1978, George Clinton's bass player Bootsy Collins had a top charting hit with Bootzilla. George Clinton and his band Parliament-Funkadelic is often cited as being a direct influence on the future Detroit Techno scene that emerged in the early 1980s

Detroit has a long and rich history associated with rock and roll. In 1954 Hank Ballard & the Midnighters crossed over from the R&B charts to the pop charts with "Work With Me, Annie." The song nearly broke into the elite top 20 despite being barred from airplay on many stations due to its suggestive lyrics. In 1955, Detroit-native Bill Haley ushered in the rock and roll era with the release of "Rock Around The Clock."
In the late 1950s rockabilly guitarist Jack Scott had a string of top 40 hits. First, in 1957 with "Leroy", then in 1958 with the hits "My True Love" and "With Your Love" and then twice again in 1959 with the hits "Goodbye Baby" and "The Way I Walk." Scott was one of the first musicians to marry country music's melodic song craft to the dangerous, raw power of rock and roll. (edited from wiki/added photos)
This discography though is mainly about the smaller labels that struggled to survive, went bust or was taken over by the big boys.

08/09/2012

J & W

Untitled
J & W J & W Records was owned by Joanne Jackson & Ed Wingate. 4031 Glendale, Detroit, Michigan, possibly Ed Wingates' home.  There was another J&W Detroit label based in Pontiac that recorded gospel music.Yellow = Northern Soul Plays.
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
JW - 1000 Stewart Ames Angelena, Oh Angelena R3KM-1827 1964


King For A Day R3KM-1826 1964
JW - 1001 Sue Perrin I Can't Let Go ZTSC 96850 1964


Clickerty Clickerty Clack ZTSC 98651 1964


Research: Mickey Nold

 

23/08/2012

Brax

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BRAX
Brax was owned by George Braxton who aslo ran a real estate agency and was also a director of a local magazine for kids, called Teen Life Brax was based at 16702 Greenfield, Detroit, Michigan. Braxton also owned the Fox & Chant labels. The Contours were girl singers and not the Motown group. Braxton recorded his music at United Sound studios.
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
RN-22-1 Mike Hanks & The Contours Christien 1958
Can I Be Your Lover Boy 1958
HB-202 Woodie Davis & Band Of Joe Hunter Straighten Up
Ballad
MS-207 The Five Dapps  Do Whop A Do
You're So Unfaithful
George Braxton Hey Ellen


Research: Mickey Nold

21/08/2012

Big Hit

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BIG HIT
Big Hit was owned by Johnnie Mae Matthews ((b) Dec 31 1922-(d) January 6, 2002) at 7397 Santa Barbara, Detroit, Michigan. TZ 102 was also released on Okeh 4-7316. Artwell & Audrey Matthews children of Johnny Mae were members of Black Nasty who recorded an album with Stax in 1971. At Stax they made an instrumental version of  their Mum's release ' Have Have No Choice'. Johnnie Mae's 'I Have No Choice' received recognition  in the UK in the 1990's and changed hands in 2011 for £850+.  Northern Soul plays = Yellow.
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
TZ 300 A  The Dynamic Walton Brothers Automatic Sissy (inst) 1967
Funky Soul 1967
TY 301 A Little Daddy Walton & Sons I'’m Leaving 1967
Gittin' It With Soul 1967
MLS 100 A Little Daddy Walton & Sons Highway Blues 1967
MLS 101 B I'm To Blame  1967
Early popular Blues track from 1967

Popular Northern track also issued on Okeh

Labels biggest success came in the 1990's with this one

TZ 102 Leah Dawson You Got To Change (Your Evil Ways) 1968
A Good Man (Is All I Want) 1968
TS 104 A Johnnie Mae Mathews Two Sided Thing 1968
You Make Me Feel Good 1968
TZ 105 A Johnnie Mae Matthews I Have No Choice 1968
That's When It Hurts 1968
TZ 106 A Timmy Shaw & Chuck Holiday You Better (Get Yourself Together) 1968
I'm Such A Lonely Guy 1968
TZ 107 A Barbara Jean & The Lyrics Why Weren't You There 1969
Any Two Can Play It 1969
TZ 108 Johnnie Mae Matthews You’re The One 1970
My Momma Didn't Lie 1970
TZ 110 Cynthia & The Imaginary Three That's What I Am (Without You) 1971
The Many Moods (Of A Man) or  Let Your Love.. 1971
TZ 110 A Herbie Thompson Let Your Love (Grow Stronger) 1971
Jungle Time or Part II (above) 1971
TZ 111 Johnnie Mae Matthews Don't Be Discouraged 1971
Don't Be Discouraged 1971
TZ 112 B Herbie Thompson Uncle Tom (Part 1) 1975
Keep On Stepping  or Uncle Tom Part II 1975
TZT 120 A Lynn Day  I'll Understand 1975
Bit Off More (Then I Can Chew) 1975
TY 123  Lynn Day & Black Nasty  Sweet To The Bone 1975
Stop Pussyfootin' Around 1975
TC 0125 Black Nasty Party On 4th Street Part 1 1976
Party On 4th Street Part 2 1976
TZY 0129 A Black Nasty feat Herbie Thompson Cut Your Motor Off  (n) 1978
Keep On Steppin’ 1978
TC 130 Black Nasty Freakish Self 1979
Party On Fourth Street 1979
Research: Mickey Nold

19/08/2012

Brown Bomber

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BROWN BOMBER
Brown Bomber label was found at 14540 Shaefer Hwy, Detroit, Michigan 48228. The label was named after Detroit boxer Joe Lois. Modern soul plays = Yellow
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
BB 101 Finess Have It Your Way 1974
I Don't Want To Be Left On The Outside 1974
008036X Beverly & Duane Love 1980
You Belong To Me 1980


Research: Mickey Nold

 

17/08/2012

Contour

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CONTOUR
Contour was owned by Robert West who was later shot by Hermon Griffin. He also operated Flick & Bumble Bee b/w 1958-1959. Wilson Pickett , Eddie Floyd  & Mack Rice were members of the Newports. Eddie Floyd was a cousin of Robert West.
Cat. Number Artist A-Side/B-Side Mattrix Date
301 Sax Kari & the Newports Hurry Arthur Murray
1959


Chicky Chop Chop
1959
C-500-A Willie Hamilton I'm So Glad Your Mine
1960


Hangin' Around
1960
C-501-A Majestics Hard Times
1961


Tean Age Gosip
1961


C-502-A Knighthawks You Did
1961


Explain To Jane
1961
C-503 Dave Atkins & Minor Chords I The Ballad Of  Robert E. Lee
1961


Part II
1961
C-504-A Pauline Cooper Life Without You
1961


If You Were Only Here



1961
001 Prof. Willie Hamilton & The School Boys Back To School
1961


Juanita Of Mexico
1961
004 The Fabulous Playboys with Orchestra Sweet Pea & The Bronc Busters
1961

I Fool [ed] You
1961
Research: Mickey Nold / Dave Allen